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News & Press: Science

The end of Summer Time

27 October 2018   (0 Comments)
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Sunday 28 October sees clocks in the EU drop Summer Time.



Under an EU directive of 2002, which states that ‘Summer Time’ will be observed between the last Sundays in March and October, clocks in UK revert to GMT (~UTC) on 28 October; changes either way occur at 0100 UTC.

GMT, based on the angular position of the Earth around its axis, and Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), based on over 400 atomic clocks with leap seconds added, should never differ by more than 0.9 seconds.

So UK reverts to its ‘natural’ time, centred on the Greenwich meridian and in the 15º longitude NATO time-zone ‘Zulu’ (Z), used in international travel, timing - and astro calculations. The 24 lettered time-zones can be found at World Time Zones

Although European clocks should re-adopt Summertime at 0100 UTC on 31 March 2019, there is pressure from the European Commission to drop Summer Time altogether.

‘Daylight Saving Time’ in Canada and USA is not synchronised with Europe; it will finish on 4 November 2018 and restart on 10 March 2019.

In meteorological terms, Winter in the northern hemisphere will start on 1 December for 3 months. But, astronomically, Winter starts at the Winter Solstice, when the Sun reaches its most southerly latitude of 23º 26.1’ at 2223 UTC on 21 December.

Further details and a downloadable almanac may be found at the links below . .

Royal Observatory

Nautical Almanac